[ The stupa is on the ancient trade route from Tibet which enters the Kathmandu Valley by the village of Sankhu in the northeast corner and continues to the ancient and smaller stupa of Cha-bahi named Charumati Stupa (often called Little Boudhanath). It then turns directly south, heading over the Bagmati River to Lalitpur, bypassing the main city of Kathmandu (which was built later). Tibetan merchants have rested and offered prayers at Boudha Stupa for many centuries. When refugees entered Nepal from Tibet in the 1950s, many decided to live around Boudhanath. The stupa is said to entomb the remains of Kassapa Buddha. ]
The first stupa at Boudhanath was built sometime after AD 600, when the
Tibetan king, Songtsen Gampo, converted to Buddhism. In terms of grace
and purity of line, no other stupa in Nepal comes close to Boudhanath.
From its whitewashed dome to its gilded tower painted with the
all-seeing eyes of the Buddha, the monument is perfectly proportioned.
Join the Tibetan pilgrims on their morning and evening koras
(circumambulations) for the best atmosphere.
The Gopalraja bansawali says Boudhanath was founded by
the Nepalese Licchavi king Śivadeva (c. 590–604 CE) though other Nepalese
chronicles date it to the reign of King Manadeva (464–505 CE). Tibetan sources
claim a mound on the site was excavated in the late 15th or early 16th century
and the bones of King Aṃshuvarma 605–621 were discovered there. The earliest historical references to the Khaasti Chaitya
are found in the Chronicles of the Newars. Firstly, Khaasti is mentioned as one
of the four stupas found by the Licchavi king Vrisadeva (ca.AD 400) or
Vikramjit. Secondly, the Newars legend of the stupa's origin attributes it to
king Dharmadeva's son, Manadeva as atonement for his unwitting parricide
Manadeva was the great Licchavi king, military conqueror and the patron of the
arts who reigned ca.AD 464–505. Manadeva is also linked with the Swayambhu
Chaitya of Gum Bahal. Thirdly, another great Licchhavi king Shivadeva (AD
590–604) is associated with Boudha by an inscription; he may have restored the
chaitya. According to the history of Nepal, the palace of King Vikramjit
(Licchavi King) once stood where the Naranhiti Palace currently stands. King
Vikramjit instructed that a Hiti should be built in the southern part of palace
courtyard, but there was no sign of water from the Hiti, for which the king
consulted Astrologers. Astrologers suggested that a sacrifice with a male candidate
having swee-nita lachhyan, or thirty-two perfections should be performed. Only
the king himself and his two princes were suitable candidates. So, the king
decided to sacrifice himself and ordered one of his sons to sacrifice him so
that sign of water could be seen at the Hiti. The king told his son that a man
will be sleeping by covering his face and body, and to sacrifice him without
looking at his face. After the son did so, he realised he had killed his own
father. With regret and guilty he consulted with priests for way to salvation.
The priests suggested him to fly a ‘bwo-khaa a flying hen from the top of
Mhaasu Khwaa Maju. The hen landed in the place where the chaitya is currently
Boudhanath (Boudha for short), dating from the fifth
century, is one of the largest stupas in the world and is the most important
Tibetan Buddhist site outside of Tibet. Boudha was on the main Tibet-Kathmandu
trade route for many centuries, and there is a large population of Tibetans
leaving in Nepal. Nowadays, the town around the stupa is a thriving center of
Tibetan life and culture. Boudha is about five kilometers northeast of
Thamel (Kathmandu’s popular tourist hangout), and is best reached by taxi.
Early morning and dusk are the most atmospheric times to visit, when the devout
come to circumambulate the enormous stupa (always clockwise), whispering
prayers and lighting butter lamps.
Attractions in Bouddhanath Stupa
The legacy of Bouddhanath Stupa through its attractions